Learn about the condition "shy bladder" and its accompanying legal ramifications.
There are several occasions in life when an organization requires a person to give a urine sample. Specific examples include a routine DUI test, an employment drug test, or a test as part of a criminal investigation. Some people cannot provide a sample when asked because they have what is colloquially-termed, a “shy bladder.”
What Is a Shy Bladder?
A shy bladder refers to a situation where a person cannot pass urine during a test because the person knows someone is waiting for them to produce a sample. In most cases, a shy bladder is a psychological phenomenon where the brain prevents somebody from releasing the contents of their bladder by interrupting the normal signals that allow a regular flow. A shy bladder does not usually cause significant disruption to daily life, but there can be certain situations in which it is highly inconvenient and may lead to legal problems.
The Rules Around Shy Bladder and Providing a Sample
Law enforcement authorities require people to provide urine samples in the aftermath of an accident or crime if they believe that drugs or alcohol may have been involved. In the past, people have claimed that they have shy bladders to get out of providing samples. This recurring incident led to changes in the law to prevent abuse so authorities can obtain the needed samples for investigative purposes.
Under current DOT rules, a person must provide 45 milliliters of urine for a regular drug test. By law now, a person must provide urine unless there is a genuine medical reason they cannot.
The current law gives a person up to three hours to provide the required amount of urine for the sample. If they cannot provide the sample within three hours, the person could face additional felony charges for evading a drug test. The law states that a person may receive up to 40 ounces of water over the allotted three hours to help them go to the bathroom. However, if a person has a shy bladder, this may not help. The bladder will become more and more engorged, but the brain will prevent the tube leading from the bladder from opening and releasing its contents.
The Legal Ramifications of Failing to Produce a Sample
The legal ramifications of failing to produce a sample depend on a person’s history with a similar charge. For instance, if a person has never failed to provide a sample within the allotted three hours, then they will receive a fine of up to $1,934.
However, if a person has failed to give a sample in the past, then the fine can be ten times the amount for a first offense, or they can face up to 12 months in prison. A third offense can result in a fine close to $30,000 and more than 18 months in jail.
Corporate Medical Services is here to provide you with your drug testing needs. With our help, you can get the drug testing that you need to carry out your operations. You can learn more about our drug screening services here. We hope you enjoyed learning about shy bladders!